Volkswagen [Type 2] Bay Window panel, mini, and 'kombi' [camper] vans were first manufactured from 1968 through to 1981 in Wolfsberg in Germany.
They were later also built in South Africa & Brazil until more recent times. All
engines were Air-cooled, with the exception of more recently manufactured Brazillian models which were fitted with water-cooled EFI units.
Engines consisted of either 1600cc single carb units, or 1700,1800 or 2000cc 'Type4' engines which were either fuel
injected or dual carbureted. This model did not have power steering, with the exceptions of water-cooled models that were built in Brazil in more recent years.
Early models had drum brakes all around. From 1971, uprated Disc brakes were fitted to the front, and this crossover model was given an uprated rear light cluster but still had
low front indicators. From 1973 all vw bays had the newer rear lamp cluster and high front indicators, as well as many safety
upgrades to result in an all round more robust and practical camper for longer duration touring.
VW manufactured 'Kombi' vans were specifically built for and fitted out under the Westfalia brand. Later, several independent companies started to convert base
Bay Window panel & mini-vans from new into 'campers' - The most popular alternatives to the original VW Westfalia branded models, were Dormobile, Danbury & Devon.